Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student, Faculty of Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran 2Ph.D. Student, Department of Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student, Department of Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Carbonate-evaporate succession with siliciclastic sediments and mixed siliciclastic carbonate deposits of Asmari-Pabdeh reservoir in Karanj Oil Field with Oligo-Miocene in age was studied to determine diagenesis, microfacies and original carbonate mineralogy. Micritization, dissolution, compaction, neomorphism, cementation and dolomitization are the main diagenesis processes that effect Asmari-Pabdeh successions. Petrographic studies led to identification of three types of dolomite such as dolomicrite, dolomicrosparite and dolosparite, in which dolomicrosparite and particulary dolospatite caused increase in reservoir quality. Eleven carbonate-evaporate microfacies were identified. These deposited in four major environments comprises of tidal flat, lagoon, carbonate shoal and open marine. Sedimentary environment of the Asmari Formation recognized as a homoclinal ramp. Diagenetic studies reveal impact of marine, meteoric and burial diagenesis on the deposits. Geochemistry of minor and major elements reveal original aragonite mineralogy for carbonates of the Asmari Formation. The high Sr/Mn and Sr/Ca and minor amounts of manganese implying close diagenetic system with low Water/Rock interaction for the Asmari Formation succession.


Main Subjects

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