Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistance Professor, Department of Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Depositional texture, sedimentary structure and present fauna led to characterize twelve carbonate- evaporate facies. These facies were classified in three facies belts including tidal flat, lagoon and shoal. Developpment of tidal zones together with evaporate deposits and thrombolite facies (signs to a shallow depositional environment), the absence of continuous reef‐frame builders, high production of carbonate mud, absents of calciturbidite, tempestites deposits and slump structures are evidences for a homoclinal carbonate ramp setting. The facies based on petrophysical characteristics which is the results of depositional texture and diagenesis are classified in seven reservoir rock types. In which, the first rock type (RT1) has weak reservoir property and toward RT7 reservoir quality will increase. Facies variation related to sea level fluctuations led to subdivide the whole strata into two 3rd order sequences. Facies stacking patterns in the sequences characterized by subtidal facies (lagoon and shoal) tend to have the most reservoir quality that covered by evaporative (Mf1) and peritidal facies (Mf2 to Mf4) with low-reservoir quality. The most reservoir quality in both K1 and K2 reservoir zones is coincident with late TST, maximum flooding surface (mfs) and late HST in identified depositional sequences which is settled in high-energy shoal facies intervals.


Main Subjects

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