Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Modern Technologies, Graduate University of Advanced Technologies, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

4 Iran Minerals Research and Processing Center, Tehran, Iran


The Sangan Mining District (SMD) in the north of the Cenozoic magmatic belt of eastern Iran is constituted of predominantly acidic to intermediate volcanic and pyroclastic rocks, intruded by the Eocene granitoids. In the Baghak Fe skarn deposit, these granitoids are composed of 
pre-mineralization biotite quartz monzonite, biotite syenite to biotite syenogranite, alkali feldspar quartz syenite to alkali feldspar granite and syn-mineralization quartz alkali syenite and quartz syenite. These I type granitoids have a magnesian metaluminous, calcalkaline, high K alkaline to shoshonitic nature. The granitoids show enrichment of LREE/HREE and LILE/HFSE with negative anomalies of Eu,Sr,Ta,Th and Ti, posetive anomalies of U, K, Ba, and Rb together with high La values and Zr/Nb, Nb/Th, Nb/U, and Nb/La ratios which suggest not only their slab-derived mantle source, but also crustal mixing in evolution of the magma. The Sm/Yb versus La/Sm, Sm/Yb versus Sm and Dy/Yb versus La/Yb show derivation of the primary melt from low partial melting (2-5 %) of a garnet-spinel lherzolite at depth of ~66-68 kilometers of the upper mantle, affected by continental crust melts. According to this research, the tectono-magmatic setting of the granitoids is suggested syn- to post-orogenic magmatic arc. 


Main Subjects

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