Document Type : Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Dept. of Earth Sciences, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN

2 Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj , Iran

3 Department of Earth Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

10.22071/gsj.2022.343081.2000

Abstract

To prepare sedimentological data, 98 surface sampling stations have been designed from the seabed in the continental shelf in the southern part of the Caspian Sea and along the coast of Iran. Indicators such as the type and amount of sediment load transported to the sedimentation environment, the energy of waves and sea currents, as well as how the slope of the seabed changes, play a role in the production and diversity of the sedimentary facies. 9 sedimentary facies are the most abundant in the surface deposits of this area and on average, in the sediments of the continental shelf, there are 1% by weight of coarse-grained particles, 25% by weight of medium-grained particles and 74% by weight of fine-grained particles. The composition of sedimentary facies in this area is controlled by indicators such as the size of sedimentary particles, the amount of sedimentary load carried to the environment, the energy of waves and sea currents, and how the slope of the seabed changes. In the marine environment of the study area, sub-sedimentary environments, Backshore, Foreshore, Shoreface, Offshore transition zone and Offshore can be identified. The two facies of slightly gravelly Mud and Mud are more abundant than other facies.

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