Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Dept. of Geosciences, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

2 Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, Illinois, USA

3 Department of Geology, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran

4 Administer Education of Sanandaj, Sanandaj, Iran


The uppermost layers of the Pabdeh Formation in Kuh e-Asmari section consist of microbial (tufa and stromatolite) facies interpreted to have been deposited in a lacustrine environment. These deposits are unconformably overlain by basal anhydrite and transitional zone of the Asmari and Pabdeh Formations. The transitional zone is correlated with the lower Asmari (with a basal unconformity or correlative conformity) in the Gachsaran No. 31 and Aghajari No. 61 wells and in Kuh e-Mish, Shahzadeh Abdullah, Tang-Sorgh and Rag-Sefid surface sections. Therefore the basal anhydrite and transitional zone should be considered as a part of the Asmari Formation. The drastic facies change near the Pabdeh and Asmari contact is due to thrust-loading, relative sea-level changes and climatic variations close to Ruplian-Chattian boundary.


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