Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Geology, Tarbiat Moallem University, Tehran, Iran

2 Surface Geology, NIOC Exploration Directorate, Geology Department, Tehran, Iran

3 Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, Iran

4 Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran


Oligocene-Lower Miocene sediments at Nareh section, situated in SW Jahrum consists of limestone, argillaceous limestone, marl and evaporatic sediments with a rich association of planktonic and benthonic foraminifera. In lower part of this succession, the Pabdeh sediments with a thickness of 115m is composed of shale, marl and intercalations of argillaceous limestone. The mentioned sediments continue through Late Eocene to Oligocene, which are overlain conformably by the Asmari Formation. The Asmari Formation consists of 250 m limestone and argillaceous limestone of which 210 m belongs to the lower Asmari and 40 m to middle Asmari. Argillaceous limestone and evaporatic-marly sediments of the Gachsaran Formation are overlain by the Asmari Formation. The Gachsaran Formation with a thickness of 510m is composed of three members of Chehel, Champeh and Moll. Pure and thick basal limestones of the Mishan Formation (Guri Member) with a thickness of 302 m, is situated above the Gachsaran Formation. Finally, Bakhtyari conglomerate lies uncomformably over the Mishan Formation. Variety of studied rock units in this section has caused different sedimentary environments, different facies and presence of abundant planktonic and benthonic foraminifera. By studying 203 samples including 193 hard and 10 washed samples, 34 genera and 47 species of benthonic foraminifera and 8 genera and 13 species of planktonic foraminifera, algae, briozoa and different macrofossils fragments were identified. Based on  foraminiferal assemblages, the age of the lower part of the Pabdeh Formation is Late Eocene (Priabonian) and the upper part is Early Oligocene and the Asmari Formation is Oligocene (Late Rupelian-Chattian) to Early Miocene (Aquitanian). Also, the Gachsaran Formation belongs to Early Miocene (Aquitanian-Burdigalian) and the age of the Mishan Formation (Guri Member) is Late Miocene (Burdigalian) .On the basis of recognized foraminifera association, Nareh stratigraphical section can be correlated with first to fourth Biozones of biozonation of Adams and Bourgeois (1967) and 54,57,59,61,63 and 64 Biozones of Wynd (1965).


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