Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Hormozgan, Hormozgan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Geology, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Fculty of Earth Sciences, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan, Iran

4 Ph.D., Department of Geology, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), Tehran, Iran

5 Ph.D., Khazar Oil Company, Tehran, Iran


Miocene siliciclastic sediments with 338m thick are studied in the southern Neka of Northern Alborz flank. Detailed sedimentology study allows recognition four facies associations consist of delta plain, distributary channel, delta front and pro-delta. Delta plain and tidal flat include heterolithic shale-silt-sand and limestone with fenestral fabric. Distributary channel and delta front associations consist of thin to thick channel shape sandstone, which display coarsening-thickening upward cycles with pro-delta/offshore association. Scares Ophiomorpha nodosa and Thalassinoides in these sandstones indicate a stressful condition such as sandy mobile substrate, turbidity and highly salinity fluctuation in the sedimentary environment. Shale-silty sediments of the pro-delta association with abundant framboidal and chamber filling pyrite and organic material display anoxic condition of the sedimentary substrate. Introducing Miocene hydrocarbon sediments in the neighboring region like Turkmenistan and Russia and sedimentary characteristics of the pro-delta/offshore shale of the studied succession allow us to introduce those as high potential candidate for hydrocarbon source.


Main Subjects

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