Volume 33 (2023)
Issue 3
Vol. 33,, Issue.3, Serial No. 129, Autumn 2023
Issue 2
Vol. 33,, Issue.2, Serial No. 128, Summer 2023
Issue 1
Vol. 33,, Issue.1, Serial No. 127, Spring 2023
Volume 32 (2022)
Volume 31 (2021)
Volume 30 (2020)
Volume 29 (2020)
Volume 28 (2019)
Volume 27 (2018)
Volume 26 (2017)
Volume 25 (2016)
Volume 24 (2015)
Volume 23 (2014)
Volume 22 (2013)
Volume 21 (2012)
Volume 20 (2011)
Volume 19 (2010)
Volume 18 (2009)
Volume 17 (2008)
Volume 16 (2007)
Statistics and the process of publishing articles   
umber of Volumes 18
Number of Issues 74
Number of Articles 1,765
Number of Contributors 3,304
Article View 892,557
PDF Download 1,260,781
View Per Article 505.7
PDF Download Per Article 714.32
Number of Submissions 1,115
Rejected Submissions 543
Reject Rate 49
Accepted Submissions 444
Acceptance Rate 40
Time to Accept (Days) 184
Number of Indexing Databases 13
Number of Reviewers 782
Average First Action 1
Average First Reviewer Assignment 6

          About Geosciences

  • Country of Publication: Iran
  • Publisher: Geological Survey of Iran
  • Format: Online
  • Print ISSN: 1023-7429
  • Online ISSN: 2645-4963
  • Publisher Code: 10.22071/gsi
  • Frequency: Quarterly
  • Publication Dates: Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter
  • Language: Persion
  • Types of Journal: Scholarly Journals
  • Open AccessYes
  • Policy: Double-blind peer-reviewed
  • Review Time (Submission to Acceptance): 16 Weeks Approximately
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Original Research Paper Stratigraphy and Palaeontology
Nannostratigraphy of the Surgah Formation at Posht-e-Jangal and Pasan stratigraphic sections – with special seference to Turonian-Coniacian and Coniacian-Santonian boundaries

Kamyar Younesi; Anoshiravan Lotfali Kani; Hormoz Ghalavand

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 1-12


  A conformable passage between Sarvak and Surgah Formations in Lurestan sedimentary basin reveals the potential of studying the Turonian–Coniacian boundary within Surgah Formation. Two sections of the Surgah Formation at Posht-e-Jangal and Pasan anticlines situated on the southeast of the Lurestan ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Stratigraphy and Palaeontology
Biostratigraphy of Gurpi Formation in Noor-Abad area, coastal Fars (south-west of Iran)

Hajar Mashayekh; Massih Afghah; Mahnaz Parvaneh- Nejad Shirazi

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 13-26


  In order to biostratigraphic studies of Gurpi Formation, a section was selected in the north-east of Noorabad city in Fars. Structurally, this section is located in the folded-thrust zone of Zagros and geographically in the Fars zone (coastal Fars). The Gurpi Formation is extended of 229 meters in thickness, ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Sedimentology
Sedimentary facies deposited on the continental shelf in the south part of Caspian sea-Iran

Afshin Karimkhani-Bahador; Sadat Feiznia; Mohsen Aleali; Mehran Arian

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 27-54


  To prepare sedimentological data, 98 surface sampling stations have been designed from the seabed in the continental shelf in the southern part of the Caspian Sea and along the coast of Iran. Indicators such as the type and amount of sediment load transported to the sedimentation environment, the energy ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Sedimentology
Paleoclimate reconstruction in Jiroft during the late Holocene

Alireza Vaezi; Vahid Tavakoli; Abdolmajid Naderi-Beni

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 55-70


  In the present study, in order to reconstruct the paleoenvironmental and climatic changes of Jiroft during the last 4000 years, several evidences of sedimentology and biogeochemistry on a sedimentary core have been investigated. Around. 3950 cal yr BP, low values of Ti/Al, Si/Al, C/N and CPI along with ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Hydrology
Investigation of subsidence potential of the Ajabshir plain using artificial intelligence models and radar interferometric technique

Soraya Nouri -Sangarab; Asghar Asghari - Moghaddam; Nasser Jabraeeli-Andrian

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 71-84


  Recently, due to the trend of decreasing rainfall and increasing groundwater pumping rate, there have been concerns about the risks caused by the decrease in the volume of aquifer reserves and the drop in the groundwater level, and as a consequence the land subsidence. Also, in Ajabshir plain due to ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Tectonics
Temporal and spatial changes in the seismicity parameters along Doruneh fault system

Mohammad Hossein Tahriri; Hamid Saffari

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 85-96


  The Doruneh fault system with more than 700 km length, after the main Zagros fault, is known as the largest fault in Iran. In this research, this fault system is divided into 3 main parts because the mechanisms of its different parts are different. The western part is reported to have a left lateral ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Tectonics
Strain and vorticity analyses using chert nodules, a criterion for estimation of bulk shortening in the Pyun anticline, Zagros, Iran

Babak Samani

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 97-110


  In this research, using deformed chert nodules in the calcareous units of Sarvak Formation in Pyun anticline, quantitative strain values in different parts of this anticline have been investigated. In a perpendicular fold axis survey, the anticline was divided into seven different areas. At least 40 ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Tectonics
The origin of orthogonal vein network in Paleocene-Eocene flysch south of Birjand, eastern Iran

Mohammad Amir Alimi

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 111-122


  This paper presents the results of a field study aiming to describe and to interpret origin of the vein network in the south of Birjand. Adjacent to Birjand ophiolite in eastern Iran, the Paleocene-Eocene flysch facies was deposited in the Birjand foreland area concomitant with the Alpine orogeny (Laramide). ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Petrology
Petrofabrics and Final Strain of Muteh-Golpayegan Amphibolites: Evidence of constructional Deformation in Sanandaj-Sirjan Metamorphic Zone

Behnaz Bakhtiari; Nahid Shabanian-Broujeni; Alireza Davoudian-Dehkordi; Hossein Azizi

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 123-138


  The Muteh–Golpayegan Metamorphic Complex is located within the center of the Sanandaj-Sirjan Metamorphic Zone. The strain parameter measurements by the strain ellipsoid including strain ratio in the XZ principal plane, strain ellipsoid (RXZ), strain ellipsoid shape (K), and strain intensity (D) ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Economic Geology
Chemistry of Sericite, Pyrite, and Chalcopyrite in the Phyllic Alteration Zone of the Parkam and Abdar Porphyry Deposits

Alireza Zarasvandi; Mohsen Rezaei; Mansour Adelpour; Hadis Parvaneh

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 139-158


  Parkam (Sara) and Abdar porphyry Cu deposits containing mainly dioritic and quartz dioritic stocks are located in the southern part of Urumieh-Dokhtar Magmatic Belt (UDMB). In the Parkam deposit, alterations such as potassic, potassic-phyllic, biotitic, phyllic, argillic and propylitic have been identified, ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Economic Geology
Study of Alterations, fluid inclusions and sulfur and oxygen isotope compositions in Sarkuh porphyry copper deposit, Kerman

Sholeh Malekshahi; Masoumeh Khalajmasoumi; Hadi Mohammad- Doost; Mona Sojdehee; Shahrzad Aboutorab

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 159-182


  The Sarkuh Porphyry Copper deposit is located about 6 km southwest of Sarcheshmeh porphyry copper deposit. Alterations in the region include advanced potassic, propylitic, phyllic and argillic. Copper mineralization is mainly associated with porphyry granodiorite mass. Minerals include chalcopyrite, ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Economic Geology
Geochemistry of rare earth elements of the Gano bauxite deposit, eastern Alborz zone, northern Iran

Maryam Khosravi; Wenchao Yu; Jintao Zhou

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 183-200


  The Gano bauxite deposit is located 90 km northeast of Semnan city in the eastern Alborz Mountains, northern Iran. The bauxite ores occur as stratiform discrete lenses with a length of 6 km and thickness of 2–20 m along the contact between carbonates of the Elika Formation and shale, sandstone, ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Economic Geology
Stable isotope (S-H-O) studies on Astamal deposit: Indication to mineralized fluid resources, NW Iran

Shohreh Hassanpour; Susan Ebrahimi

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 201-218


  Astmal deposit is located in the northwest of Iran and is structurally located in the Arasbaran Magmatic zone. Skarn mineralization related to the Eocene-Oligocene granodiorite rocks which have been permeated to the Upper Cretaceous rocks. Mineralization has formed in the exoskarn zone, and the metasomatic ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Economic Geology
The Hired gold deposit, Lut Block, East Iran: example of a gold deposit related to reduced I-type intrusive bodies

Maryam Emami Jafari; Saeed Alirezaei; Iraj Rasa; Jochen Kolb

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 219-242


  The Hired gold deposit in the Lut block, East Iran, is closely associated with an intermediate-mafic intrusive complex consisting of granodiorite to diorite, hornblende quartz-monzonite, and gabbro-diorite intruded into Eocene volcanic rocks. The intrusions are distinguished by high contents of CaO, ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Economic Geology
Geology, mineralogy, geochemistry of sulfide ores and galena mineral in the Chah-Nar Pb-Zn deposit, SW Baft (Southern Sanandaj-Sirjan zone)

Mahdi Ghorbani- Dehnavi; Azadeh Malekzadeh -Shafaroudi; Mohammad Hassan Karimpour

Volume 33, Issue 3 , August 2023, Pages 243-266


  Chah-Nar Pb-Zn deposit is located south of Rutchun plain, 110 km SW Baft, within Sanandaj- Sirjan Zone. Mineralization occurs at calitic-dolomitic marble of Rutchun complex  as epigenetic with structural control. Paragenetic minerals are galena and minor sphalerite  and pyrite associated with ...  Read More

Economic Geology
Geology, mineralization, alteration and fluid inclusion studies of the Janja porphyry Cu-Mo deposit, Sistan Suture Zone, SE Iran

Nima Rahimi; Shojaeddin Niroomand; Mohammad Lotfi; Mojtaba Rahimi Shahid

Volume 32, Issue 3 , September 2022, , Pages 13-30


  The Janja Cu-Mo porphyry deposit is located at 70 km south of the Nehbandan, Sistan suture zone, Eastern Iran. The porphyry mineralization in the Janja deposit is temporally and spatially associated with the diorite to quartz diorite and granodiorite granular to porphyry stocks that intruded in the Cretaceous ...  Read More

Orogenic and epeirogenic events in Iran

Mohammad R. Ghassemi; Ali Aghanabti; Abdollah Saeidi

Volume 33, Issue 1 , February 2023, , Pages 87-106


  Correlation of the orogenic and epeirogenic events in Iran with the events that have been identified in different parts of the world and in different tectonic environments, has caused some confusion in the Iranian geological literature. After a brief review of the nature of known orogenic processes in ...  Read More

Exploration and Mining
Inverse modeling of Magnetic and IP/RS data for exploration of Northern Dalli Copper-Gold porphyry deposit

Keytash Moshtaghian; Seyed Mohammad Abtahi Forooshani; Hooshang Asadi Harooni; Mohammad Hajheidari; Ghazal Janghorban

Volume 32, Issue 3 , September 2022, , Pages 79-92


  The Dalli porphyry Copper-Gold deposit consists of two northern and southern indexes located on the Urmia-Dokhtar Volcanic Belt in Markazi province.  Due to the presence of magnetite beneath the potassic alteration zone in the center of porphyry mineralization, a magnetometric survey was performed ...  Read More

Lithostratigraphy, facies and evaluation of sedimentation conditions of Late Miocene Lignite Beds based on paleontology and sedimetology evidence, in the eastern area of Tabriz

Enayatallah Haghfarshi; Peyman Rezaee; Seyed Reza Moosavi Harami; Mohammad Faridi

Volume 33, Issue 1 , February 2023, , Pages 3-26


  Lignite Beds of Tabriz are among of the Neogene formations in the northwestern area of the Iran, which is spread in the eastern suburb of Tabriz. Its sedimentary facies includes facies groups of fine grains clastics, sandstones, limestones and facies of lignite, tuff and microfacies and petrofacies under ...  Read More

The role of basement and young magmatism in epithermal gold and polymetallic mineralization in Takab-Mahneshan area, NW Iran

Mojgan Salehi Yazdi; Mansour Ghorbani; Nima Nezafati; Mansour Vossoughi Abedini

Volume 32, Issue 3 , September 2022, , Pages 145-158


  Takab-Mahneshan's metallogenic area is essential in gold mineralization, and it is a part of the northern Urmia-Dokhtar magmatic belt. The northern Urmia-Dokhtar has two distinctive features. It contains the Precambrian basement, and the young Mio-Pliocene magmatism rocks overlie its Precambrian basement. ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Geological Environment and Engineering
Assessment of potentially toxic elements pollution intensity in indoor dust of Tehran Greater City

Neda Khajooee; Sourosh Modabberi; Behnoush Khosh manesh zadeh; Fatemeh Razavian

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 04 March 2023


  Population growth and increasing urbanization expose people to higher degrees of urban pollutants, especially when they need to spend long time in enclosed environments with inadequate ventilation. This study is the first research on inorganic pollutants in indoor dust particles of Tehran city, which ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Petrology
High-Cr chromium spinels in Golashkard ultramafic unit, Faryab complex, southeast of Sanandaj-Sirjan, Iran.

Afsaneh Naseri Esfandagheh; Mohammad Rahgoshay; Sasan Bagheri

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 25 March 2023


  The Haji-Abad-Esfandagheh-Faryab ophiolitic belt is one of the most famous chromite-bearing occurrences in the south of Iran. In recent years, the ophiolitic belt of Haji-Abad-Esfandagheh-Faryab has been the focus of attention of many geologists interested in ophiolitic complexes and economic geology. ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Sedimentology
The behavior pattern of REEs in different sedimentary systems in the Dar-e-Allo copper mine: Application for environmental studies

Hoda bavi; Reza Moussavi-Haramia; Mohamad Hosein Mahmudy Gharaie; Hamed Zand-Moghadam; Asadollah Mahboubi; Mohammad Reza Tohidi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 24 April 2023


  The geochemical separation pattern and environmental behavior of ΣREE have been investigated in five different sedimentary systems related to Dar-e-Allo copper mine. For this purpose, the total concentration and sequential patterns of ΣREE elements were determined using multi-acid digestion ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Sedimentology
Palaeo-seismic events correlation in the west Makran with the Oman Sea depth sea cores’ physical and biological properties

Sedigheh Amjadi; Hamid Alizade Lahijani; Mohamad Hosein Mahmudy Gharaie; Razieh Lak; Nick Marriner

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 13 June 2023


  AbstractAlthough the second deadliest tsunami in the Indian oceans was triggered in the Makran zone, our knowledge in regard to the number of tsunami events through the Holocene is negligible. In this study the sedimentary environment palaeo-tsunami have reconstructed and identified by Gulf of Oman deep ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Geological Environment and Engineering
Assessment of physical and mechanical properties of a number of sandstone formations in the Central Alborz sedimentary-structural zone

Amir Mahyar azhdarpour; Mohammad Reza Nikudel; Mashalah Khamehchiyan

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 25 June 2023


  The central Alborz structural-sedimentary area in the middle part of the Alborz Mountain range has endured geological events from the Precambrian to the present era, and contains numerous geological structures and formations. Among these, sandstone formations also have a significant expansion. In this ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Economic Geology
Occurrence and chemistry of magnetite in the Iju porphyry Cu deposit, southern part of Urumieh-Dokhtar magmatic belt

Mohsen Rezaei; Alireza Zarasvandi; Sima Basious

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 29 July 2023


  Iju porphyry deposit is associated with the emplacement of Miocene tonalite-granodiorite intrusions (zircon U/Pb dating; 9.27±0.50) within Eocene volcanic and pyroclastic sequences including andesite, basaltic andesite, trachyandesite, andesitic breccias, tuffaceous breccias, and agglomerate. ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Stratigraphy and Palaeontology
Miocene Proboscidean footprints from the Upper Red Formation, Avaj area, Central Iran

Nasrollah Abbassi; Safoora Shakeri; Javad Rabbani

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 28 August 2023


  Numerous Proboscidean footprints have been discovered in the outcrop (135 m) of lower rock unit of the Upper Red Formation (Middle-Late Miocene) in the north Avaj (Qazvin province), central Iran. These footprints are preserved as circular concave epi-relief in the upper bedding plans with smooth or levee ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Stratigraphy and Palaeontology
Middle Devonian-Early Carboniferous microscopic fish remains from Khoshyeilagh Formation, Mighan section, Eastern Alborz

Hamta Ranjbar; Abbas Ghaderi; Hossein Gholamalian; Vachik Hairapetian

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 02 September 2023


  Middle Devonian to Lower Carboniferous siliciclastic-carbonate successions in Eastern Alborz are characterized by Khoshyeilagh Formation. It is underlain by the Devonian red siliciclastic sequences and is overlain by the Carboniferous Mobarak Formation, can be divided into three different members; lower ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Exploration and Mining
Dissolution of are earth elements from Zanjan Morvarid iron ore tailings by leaching and acid digestion method

Ahmad Adib; peyman afzal

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 05 November 2023


  In this research, the recovery of rare earth elements from the tailings of the apatite iron ore processing unit of Zanjan Morvarid mine, which originates from quartz monzonitic magma related to the closing of Neotethys, has been investigated using nitric, hydrochloric and sulfuric acids. In tailings, ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Exploration and Mining
Use of the Gray Wolf Optimizer algorithm in separating anomalies from the background, Case study: Alut area

Kamran Mostafaei; Mohammadnabi Kianpour; Mahyar Yousefi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 20 November 2023


  This article is devoted to introducing a novel application of the Gray Wolf Optimizer in one of the most challenging issues related to mineral exploration, anomaly separation from the background in stream sediment geochemical studies. The Alut geological sheet, located in the Sanandaj-Sirjan zone, which ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Exploration and Mining
Recovery of nickel from low-grade and high-grade arsenide (nickel) deposits based on comparing the performance of chemolithotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria and investigating the effect of different types of additives

zohreh boroumand; Hadi Abdollahi; Reza Shahbazi; Shabnam Asl Pashaki; MirSaleh MirMohamadi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 22 November 2023


  Microbial-leaching of nickel from two arsenide ores (low- and high-grade samples) was precisely investigated. The microbial leaching of nickeline was accomplished with the admixture of mesophilic cultures in shake flasks with pulp densities of 0.5, 1, and 5% as well as 0.5, 1, and 3% respectively. The ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Stratigraphy and Palaeontology
Biostratigraphy of the Gurpi Formation based on planktonic foraminifera in the Fars area, Zagros basin

Maryam Alavi; Abbas Sadeghi; Mohammad Hossein Adabi; Nasrin Hadavandkhani; Yadolah Ezampanah

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 25 November 2023


  In order to study the biostratigraphy of the Gurpi Formation in the Fars area, a stratigraphic section is selected and sampled in the Sarbalesh anticline. The thickness of the Gurpi Formation in this section is 346.3 meters and its main lithology includes argillaceous limestone and shale. The lower boundary ...  Read More

Original Research Paper Exploration and Mining
Using U-spatial statistics method to identify and classify intensity of geochemical anomalies in the Neysian area

Amir Salimi; Samaneh Barak; Mahyar Yousefi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 25 November 2023


  An accurate threshold value makes a precise geochemical separation into anomaly and background areas. The threshold assignment using structural methods are preferred to non-structural methods. In this research, the U-spatial statistics, a structural based method, was used to study soil type geochemical ...  Read More