Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Research Institute of Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, Iran

2 Geological Survey of Iran



Correlation of the orogenic and epeirogenic events in Iran with the events that have been identified in different parts of the world and in different tectonic environments, has caused some confusion in the Iranian geological literature. After a brief review of the nature of known orogenic processes in the world, examining issues related to the abovementioned correlations, and considering the tectonic history of various parts of Iran, we have tried to systematically describe and name the important orogenic and epeirogenic events of the country. Most Precambrian orogenic events in Iran are dubious due to unknown age and tectonic setting of the rock units attributed to Precambrian. Paleozoic in Iran has been mostly associated with epeirogenic events, and the only sign of a real orogenic event goes back to the Late Carboniferous in northern Iran. The important Mesozoic and Cenozoic orogenic events have shaped the modern tectonic configuration of Iran. The Paleotethys suture in northern and central Iran formed during the Gorgani orogeny, development of the Central Iranian active margin (Sanandaj-Sirjan) occurred in the Alvandi orogeny, ophiolite obduction in Central Iran and Zagros developed during the Late Cretaceous events, and collision of the Iranian plate with the Helmand block resulted in the Sistani orogeny. The creation of the Zagros and Alborz mountain ranges started from Oligocene and Miocene times, respectively, and the deformation due to their shortening continues to this day.


Main Subjects