Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


The Oshvad skarn type deposit was formed during the intrusion of a felsic mass into the Permian and Triassic carbonate rocks and ion exchange occurred between the intrusion mass and these units. In order to determine the properties of the mineralizing fluid in this skarn, several fluid inclusions in quartz and calcite minerals of the mineralization zone were analyzed. The results show that these minerals have two types of fluids inclusion. The first group includes L+V type, low to medium salinity, and with homogenization temperature of 194 to 480°C. The second group includes V+L type, low to moderate salinity, and homogenization temperature of 338 to 448°C. The origin of L+V type fluid inclusions are magmatic-meteoric and metamorphic type and V+L fluid inclusions are metamorphic type. Mixing and dilution of fluids occurred during the mixing of meteoric waters with magmatic-metamorphic fluids. These processes are the main factors of mineralization in this deposit. Fluid inclusions data show that fluid pressure has been 50 to 150 bars during the ore-forming minerals. Also, the fluid temperature has been between 200 to 360°C. The data suggest that the ore minerals have been formed in depth of 650 meters lower than the old water table.


Main Subjects

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