Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Graduated M.Sc. student, Department of Geology, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

2 Associated Professor, Department of Geology, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Geology, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran


The Toryan occurrence is located in the Central Iran zone, 120 km northwest of Zanjan. Pb–Zn mineralization at Toryan occurred as laminated and lens-shaped parallel to lamination of grey sandstone units of the Upper Red Formation. Mineralization often formed around and within the fragments of the plant fossils, and shows disseminated, replacement, solution seems, intergranoular cement, framboidal, and vein-veinlet textures. At Toryan, ore horizon has 1 m thickness and approximately 350 m length and contains three zones include the red oxidized zone, the bleached zone and the mineralized reduced zone. Galena, sphalerite, pyrite and arsenopyrite are the main ore minerals at Toryan occurrence. Cerussite and goethite are formed during supergene and wethering processes. Comparison of trace elements and REE patterns of barren red and grey host sandstones and mineralized samples indicate that mineralized samples show lower concentrations of trace elements and REE. Based on tectonic setting, sedimentary environment, host rock, presence of plant fossils, geometry, ore texture and mineralogy and alteration, Toryan occurrence can be classified as sediment-hosted Cu deposits of Redbed type, and is comparable with another Redbed type of Cu and Pb–Zn deposits in the Avaj-Zanjan-Tabriz-Khoy belt.


Main Subjects

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