Document Type : Original Research Paper
1 Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Shahrood, Shahrood, Iran
2 Research Institute for Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, Iran
The present study aims to determine the concentration of heavy metals and toxic metalloids in rice of Sari paddy fields in the Mazandaran province of Iran. In this study, sampling was performed from 32 stations of the rice seed section. The soil-plant relationship was investigated in 6 stations using samples taken from rice soil and other plant parts such as roots, stems, leaves, and bran. Soil and plant samples were prepared using ICP-OES and ICP-MS methods, respectively, and then analyzed chemically. The results of the chemical analysis of rice samples showed that the mercury (Hg) concentration is usually about 0.07 ppm. However, it reaches about 0.09 ppm in some points (30% of the samples). The mean concentration of lead (Pb) is 0.91 ppm, which is close to its allowable limit. In some samples, elements arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn) are different from normal concentrations. The study results attribute the origin of lead elements to the use of chemical zinc fertilizer in rice fields and paddy fields, as Pb concentration in areas with zinc (Zn) fertilizer consumption is about 3.99 ppm. The as concentration in Isa Khandagh is 1.15 ppm, suggesting a high deviation from the normal level. In addition, the concentration of trace elements in rice crops in different regions of Sari city compared with rice crops in some foreign cities shows a high correlation for chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), Arsenic (As), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), sodium (Na), and Zinc (Zn).
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