Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 M.Sc., International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran


In this study, 23 focal mechanisms were calculated by moment tensor inversion of small regionalـlocal earthquakes in the Western Alborz and surrounding areas using wave-form inversion method. Calculated reverse-fault focal mechanisms around the Khazar and Alborz Faults in the Central Alborz, considering southward-dipping nodal plane as the fault plane, are consistent with relatively low-angle thrusts. It also implies dominant compressionsl regime in the north of the Central Alborz. Focal mechanisms in 1990 Rudbar-Tarom Earthquake region show a combination of strike-slip mechanisms and a complex fault system in the middle of the Western Alborz. A major region of dominant strike-slip mechanisms is observed in the Talesh area, located in the west of the SouthCaspianBasin, and around the Masuleh, Sangavar and Bozqush faults. The only calculated focal mechanism close to the southern margin of the Western Alborz, considering the western part of the North Tehran fault as the fault nodal plane, implies leftـlateral motion in this area. In the south of the western AlborzMountains approaching the Central Iran, two calculated mechanisms indicate dominant reverse movement, similar to the 2002 Changoreh-Avaj Earthquake. Five focal solutions close to the Kushk-e Nosrat and Soltanieh Faults, considering these faults as the fault nodal planes, are consistent with right-lateral motion along them. Depth of the earthquakes in the studied region is in the range of 2 and 20 km, indicating the brittle upper crust in the region.