Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Geoloy, Natural science faculty, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

2 Research Institute for Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Geoloy, Natural science faculty, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.


The Zand-Abad area is located in NW Ahar of north Azerbaijan. Magmatic rocks in this area consists of granitoids including monzogranite, granodiorite, monzonite and syenogranite as well as mafic rocks mainly diorite and associated extrusive rocks as andesite, trachyandesite, dacite, trachydacite, rhyolite. Subvolcanic rocks are porphyritic diorite and porphyritic monzodiorite. According to the different geochemical studies, the tectonic environment of Zand-Abad volcanic and plutonic rocks is determined as continental arc setting related to dilatory creep down subduction. This will be interpreted in relation with the Neotethyse post-collision activities. Considering the mineralogy and chemical evidence, we suggest that the Zand-Abad magmatic rock types (i.e. volcanic, sub-volcanic and plutonic rocks) have been derived from single magmatic source and undergone fractional crystallization, magma mixing and crustal contamination, resulting from hybrid granitoids. Magmatic series of the different types of magmatic rocks is alkaline. Calc-alkaline and shoshonite property of some samples is interpreted related to magma mixing and crustal contamination processes.  


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