Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Faculty of Geoscience, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran

2 Faculty of Geology, University College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The carbonate facies of Permian in Gaduk area (Central Alborz) are dominated by calcareous algae. Study of the facies resulted in recognition of several species of Cyanobacteria, Dasycladacean and Gymnocodiacean green algae and also Phylloid algae. In the studied succession, Phylloid algae are identified in carbonate shoal facies. Cyanobacteria mostly occurred in tidal to lagoonal facies, as encrusters. Dasycladacean and Gymnocodiacean green algae mostly occurred in inner ramp facies. Gymnocodiaceans were found in deeper parts in comparison to Dasycladaceans. Occurrence of Cyanobacteria in depositional sequences coincides with type-one sequence boundaries. Phylloid algae are identified in the facies related to transgressive surfaces and maximum abundance of Dasycladaceans and Gymnocodiaceans was found around maximum flooding surfaces and in highstand systems tracts. Abundance of the calcareous algae shows an increasing trend from the base to the top of carbonate parasequences. Proliferation of the calcareous algae was found in close relationship to climate warming and ice-house to green-house transition in Permian of Alborz.    


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