Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student , International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland


The Zagros fold and thrust belt contains a near continuous sedimentary cover which overlies the late Precambrian-Cambrian Hormuz salt formation. The information about this structure is only limited to the study of salt domes. As the density variation of salt is not noticeable with depth, it is expected this structure has a significant role in the decrement of P-wave velocity relative to top layers. The 9 April, 2013 Kaki earthquake (MW 6.2), occurred in a part of the Simply Folded Belt of Zagros Mountains where there are two salt domes. So, in case of studying salt structures as low velocity zones at depth, the 1-D inversion was done using 10459 P-arrival times of 978 aftershocks. The results of this study indicate that the two top layers with overall 4km thickness and average low velocities might be related to incompetent and upper-mobile groups. Sudden seismic velocity increment from 3.9 km/s to 5.45 km/s in depth of 4 km can be considered as an indicator for transformation from the upper-mobile to the competent group. Furthermore, an average low velocity zone from 8 km to 12 km is observed that confirms the Hormuz salt series at depth.


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