Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Mining Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Behashti University, Tehran, Iran


    The calpionellid biozonation within Shal and Kolur Formations in Shal region, SE Khalkhal are accomplished based on standard biozonation of Allemann et al. (1977).  In this study, 5 biozones are introduced from Tithonian to Hauterivian:biozone. Biozone 1 belongs to Shal Formation and biozones 2 to 5 to Kolur Formation: 1- Crassicollaria intermedia Taxon Range Zone; Late Tithonian, 2- Calpionella alpina Acme Zone; Early Berriassian, 3- Calpionellopsis simplex - Calpionellites darderi Interval Zone; Late Berriassian to Early Valanginian, 4- Calpionellites darderi - Tintinopsella longa Interval Zone; Valanginian, 5- Tintinopsella longa - Tintinopsella carpathica Interval Zone; Late Valanginian- Hauterivian. Biozone 2 is also subdivided into the Calpionella alpina and Calpionella elliptica Subzones. Biozone 3 is subdivided into the Calpionellopsis simplex and Calpionellopsis oblonga Subzones. Based on this zonation, the Jurassic /Cretaceous boundary (Tithonian/ Berriassian) is defined at the Lower boundary of the Calpionella alpina zone which is equivalent to the  Shal and Kolour Formations boundary.                                                                                             


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