ژئوشیمی و تحلیل فرکتال انکلاوها در توده گرانودیوریتی ده‌بالا برای بررسی فرایند هیبریداسیون ماگمایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده زمین‌شناسی، پردیس علوم، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشکده زمین شناسی، پردیس علوم، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، دانشکده زمین‌شناسی، پردیس علوم، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

توده نفوذی ده‌بالا در محدوده 45 کیلومتری جنوب باختر شهرستان بویین‌زهرا در استان قزوین رخنمون دارد. این توده دارای انکلاوهای میکروگرانولار مافیک بسیار با اشکال گرد شده و بیضوی و با اندازه های 2 تا بیشینه 30 سانتی متر است. انکلاوها از مونزودیوریت، دیوریت و گابرودیوریت و سنگ های میزبان بیشتر از گرانودیوریت تشکیل شده اند. حضور بافت های عدم تعادل همچون درشت بلورهای پلاژیوکلاز با سطوح تحلیلی و بافت غربالی، کوارتز اوسلی و آپاتیت های سوزنی در انکلاوها می تواند نشانگر رخداد آمیختگی ماگمایی در توده نفوذی ده‌بالا باشد. توزیع عناصر اصلی و فرعی و خاکی کمیاب به روشنی تبادل میان ماگماهای فلسیک میزبان و انکلاوها را در طی آمیختگی ماگمایی بازتاب می دهد. غنی‌شدگی غیر عادی REE در انکلاوها نسبت به سنگ فلسیک میزبان، نشانه ماهیت متفاوت دو ماگمای فلسیک و مافیک به وجود آورنده این دو سنگ و ناهمگنی شکلی ایجاد شده در انکلاوها (ابعاد فرکتال) ناشی از فرایندهای آمیختگی ماگمایی است. ابعاد فرکتال انکلاوها میان 14/1 تا 29/1متغیر است. رده 29/1 بالاترین فراوانی را در نمودار ستونی نشان می دهد. بر پایه بعد فرکتال (Dbox) انکلاوها، نسبت لگاریتم گرانروی گرانودیوریت میزبان به انکلاو، طیفی از 56/0 تا 96/0 را نشان می دهد و مد آن در نمودار ستونی 96/0 است. بیشتر انکلاوها در توده نفوذی ده‌بالا با محتوای سیلیس نزدیک به 56 درصد و مقادیر بالای ابعاد فرکتال مشخص می شوند. این مسئله آمیختگی کم ماگمای مافیک انکلاوها با ماگمای فلسیک میزبان را تأیید می‌کند و نشانه افزایش اختلاف گرانروی میان ماگماهای گرانودیوریت میزبان و انکلاوهاست.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Geochemistry and fractal analysis of enclaves in the Dehe Bala granodioritic pluton in order to investigate magma hybridization processes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z. Gharamohammadi 1
  • A. Kananian 2
  • M. Eliassi 3
1 M.Sc., School of Geology, College of Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, School of Geology, College of Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, School of Geology, College of Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The Dehe Bala pluton is exposed approximately 45 km south-west of Boein Zahra town, Qazvin province. This pluton includes several mafic microgranular enclaves (MMES) with ellipsoidal and rounded shapes and varying sizes (from a few centimeters up to 30 cm). The MMEs are composed of diorite, monzodiorite and diorite-gabbro while the host rocks comprise mainly granodiorite. The presence of disequilibrium textures in enclaves, such as plagioclase phenocrysts with repeated resorption surfaces and sieve texture, quartz ocelli and acicular apatite, suggest a varity of magma mixing processes affecting the Dehe Bala pluton. The distribution of major, trace and rare earth elements apparently reflect exchange between the MMEs and the felsic host rocks. Unusual REE enrichment of the enclaves compared to the country rocks can be attributed to significant differences in their parent magma compositions. The complexity of the morphology of the enclaves (fractal dimension) caused by magma mixing processes. Fractal dimensions of the enclaves vary between 1.14 to 1.29. The frequencies of Dbox = 1.29 is the highest frequency in histogram. According to the fractal dimensions of enclaves, the logarithm of the viscosity ratio between the host granodiorite and the enclave ranges between 0.56 to0.96 with most values clustering around 0.96. The most of enclaves in the Dehe Bala pluton characterized by silica content around 56 w% and a high fractal dimension. These evidence confirmed the occurrence of slight hybridization between the mafic enclave magma and surrounding felsic magma, causing increasing of viscosity difference between the host granodiorite and the enclave magmas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mafic microgranular enclaves
  • Granodiorite
  • Magma mixing
  • Fractal dimensions
  • Viscosity

 

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