خاستگاه نهشته های سیلیسی آواری سازند جیرود در البرز مرکزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 هیئت علمی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

3 گروه زمین شناسی، دانشکده علوم زمین، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

با مطالعه ماسه سنگ ها (پتروگرافی، آنالیز مودال و آنالیز کانی های سنگین) و گل سنگ های (ژئوشیمی عناصر اصلی و فرعی) سازند جیرود (دونین فوقانی) خاستگاه این نهشته ها در البرز مرکزی (برش های ده صوفیان، دره مبارک آباد و دهکده جیرود) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. بر اساس مطلعات انجام گرفته و تلفیق آنها مخلوطی از سنگهای اسیدی-بازی و دگرگونی و چرخه مجدد یافته منشا نهشته های سازند جیرود بوده است که تحت تاثیر آب و هوای سرد و خشک تا نیمه خشک هوازده شده اند. از تلفیق نتایج آنالیز مودال و کانی های سنگین با مطالعات ژئوشیمیایی مختلف و از جمله نمودار روسر و کورش که لگاریتم K2O/Na2O در مقابل SiO2 و نمودارهای تابعی ورما و آرمسترانگ-آلترین، چنین بر می آید که سیلیسی آواری های سازند جیرود از منشاء برخوردی (کوهزایی های چرخه مجدد) و سنگ هایی اغلب اسیدی- حدواسط تا بازیک و حمل و نقل بر روی یک کراتون داخلی حاصل شده و در یک حاشیه غیر فعال نهشته شده اند.
بررسی ها و مقایسه با کارهای مکلنان و همکاران نشان می دهد که نتایج ژئوشیمی در برش های مورد مطالعه، سازگاری بالایی با خصوصیات پوسته قاره ای بالایی قدیمی (OUC) دارد که به خصوص در جایگاه های زمین ساختی برخوردی شکل می گیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Provenance of siliciclastic deposits of Jeirud Formation in central Alborz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Khazaee 1
  • Mahbobeh Hosseini-Barzi 2
  • Abbas Sadeghi 2
  • Hossein Mosaddegh 3
1 Student of Beheshti university
2 Faculty of Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran
3 Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The provenance of Jeirud Formation deposits (upper Devonian) in central Alborz has been investigated from study of siliciclastic sandstones (petrography, modal analysis and Heavy minerals assemblage) and mudstones (major and minor elements geochemistry). An integration of results suggest a mixture of basic to acidic igneous rocks and recycling of older sedimentary rocks as the provenance that weathered under cold and arid to semi-arid climatic conditions. An integration of modal analysis and heavy minerals results into the geochemical studies including Roser and korsch diagram (Log K2O/Na2O versus SiO2) and Verma and Armstrong-Altrin Functional diagrams, indicate that, siliciclastic rocks of Jeirud, resulted from weathering of acidic-intermediate to basic rocks of collisional tectonic provenances (recycled orogens) and transporting on craton interior and have been deposited on a passive margin basin.
Investigations and comparison with McLennan et al., studies, represent that geochemical results and proportions of study area are consistent with those of old upper continental crust (OUC) typical of collisional tectonic settings.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Jeirud
  • Provenance
  • Tectonic setting
  • Upper Devonian
  • Geochemistry

کتابنگاری

آقانباتی، ع.، 1386- زمین­شناسی ایران، سازمان زمین­شناسی و اکتشافات معدنی کشور، 582 ص.

اهری‎پور، ر.، 1390- ریز رخساره‎ها، محیط رسوبی و چینه‎نگاری سکانسی رسوبات دونین (سازندهای پادها و خوش‎ییلاق) در البرز شرقی، رساله دکترا، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، 329 ص.

خزائی، م.، حسینی برزی، م.، صادقی، ع. و مصدق، ح.، 1395- محیط رسوبی و چینه‎نگاری سکانسی نهشته­های سازند جیرود در برش ده صوفیان، فصلنامه علوم زمین، شماره 102، صص. 101 تا 116.

رسولی، ه.، 1390- محیط رسوبی و دیاژنز سازند جیرود در برش آبنیک، البرز مرکزی، پایان‌نامه کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده علوم زمین، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.

شرفی، م.، 1393- چینه‌نگاری سکانسی و دیاژنز سازند جیرود (دونین پسین) در البرز مرکزی، رساله دکترا، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه مشهد.

محمدخانی، ح. و خزائی، م.، 1384الف- محیط رسوبی سازند جیرود در دره مبارک‌آباد، شمال شرق تهران، نهمین همایش انجمن زمین‌شناسی ایران، دانشگاه خوارزمی (تربیت‌معلم) تهران، 8 تا 9 شهریور.

محمدخانی، ح. و خزائی، م.، 1384ب- محیط رسوبی و چینه­نگاری سکانسی سازند جیرود سازند جیرود در دره مبارک‌آباد و شمال شرق روستای زایگون. بیست و چهارمین گردهمایی علوم زمین.

 

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