بازسازی محیط رسوبی نهشته‌های آواری میوسن حوضه رسوبی زاگرس در برش‌های کوه آسکی و هورگان، گستره نیریز، حوضه زاگرس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه زمین‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم زمین، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه زمین‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم زمین، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه زمین‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم زمین، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار، پژوهشکده علوم زمین، سازمان زمین‎‌شناسی و اکتشافات معدنی کشور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

رسوبات میوسن در گستره نیریز در پهنه برخوردی زاگرس، میان گسل اصلی زاگرس و پهنه افیولیتی زاگرس رخنمون دارند. به منظور مطالعه محیط رسوبی دیرینه این رسوبات، دو برش کوه آسکی و هورگان اندازه‌گیری و نمونه‌برداری شده است. ستبرای این دو برش به ترتیب 424 و 440 متر است و از ماسه‌سنگ، کنگلومرا و مارن سرخ و سبز رنگ تشکیل شده و به‌صورت ناپیوسته میان سازند جهرم و کنگلومرای بختیاری قرار گرفته‌اند. بر پایه مطالعات صحرایی و سنگ‌نگاری، 14 رخساره مربوط به کمربندهای رخساره‌ای بخش نزدیک به منشأ دلتای بادبزنی، بخش میانی دلتای بادبزنی، رخساره‌های حدواسط، رخساره‌های شیب دلتا و انتهای دلتا برای توالی میوسن از حاشیه به سوی مرکز حوضه تشخیص داده شده است. با توجه به رخساره‌های شیب که در اثر جریان‌های توربیدایتی، جریان‌های ریزشی دانه‌ای و جریان‌های خرده‌دار تشکیل شده‌اند و دانه‌درشت بودن و جورشدگی بد رسوبات، مدل رسوبی دیرینه برای توالی میوسن گستره نیریز، یک دلتای بادبزنی پیشنهاد می‌شود. همچنین گسترش رخساره‌های شیب نشان‌دهنده وجود شیب دیرینه و دلتای بادبزنی ژرف نوع شیبی است. وجود ناپیوستگی‌های درون‎سازندی فراوان، تغییرات نامنظم اندازه دانه‌ها و جریان‌های ثقلی نشان‌دهنده زمین‌ساخت فعال حوضه رسوبی و ورود ناگهانی رسوبات درشت‌دانه (رویدادهای شدید ناگهانی کوتاه‌‌مدت (Catastrophic events)) به بخش نزدیک به منشأ حوضه زاگرس در زمان میوسن است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Paleoenvironmental reconstruction of Miocene clastic sedimentary rocks at Kuh-e Asaki and Horgan sections, Neyriz region, Zagros basin

نویسندگان [English]

  • P Gholami Zadeh 1
  • M.H Adabi 2
  • M Hosseini-Barzi 3
  • A Sadeghi 3
  • M.R Ghassemi 4
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Research Institute for Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The Miocene sediments in Neyriz region crop out  in Zagros Crushed Zone, between Zagros Main Fault and Zagros Ophiolite Zone. For paleoenvironmental studies of these sediments, two stratigraphic sections (Kuh-e Asaki and Horgan sections) have been measured and sampled. The thicknesses of these two sections are 424 and 440 m respectively and contain red and green sandstone, conglomerate and marl which are bounded unconformably between the Jahrum Formation and Bakhtiari conglomerate. Based on the field and petrographic studies, 14 sedimentary facies related to proximal, mid fan-delta; transition zone, delta slope and prodelta have been recognized for the Miocene succession. Due to the slope facies formed by the turbidity currents, grain fall and debris flows, the coarse grained clasts and poorly sorted texture, a fan-delta model is suggested for the succession. Also, the development of the slope facies indicates a paleo-slope and slope-type, deep-water fan-delta. The frequent intra-formational disconformities, irregular changes in grain size and present of gravity flows indicate an active tectonic sedimentary basin and reflux of coarse grained sediments (catastrophic events) to the proximal parts of Zagros Basin.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Paleoenvironment
  • Kuh-e Asaki section
  • Horgan section
  • Miocene sediments
  • Neyriz
  • Zagros

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